Low-Ti melts from the southeastern Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province: Evidence for a water-rich mantle source?

  • Alexei V. Ivanov
  • Elena I. Demonterova
  • Sergei V. Rasskazov
  • Tatyana A. Yasnygina


Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province (STLIP) is one of the most voluminous volcanic provinces on Earth. The dominant erupted rocks are low-Ti basalts, which make up 80% by volume of the classical Noril’sk lava sequence. In the west Siberian basin and Maymecha-Kotuy area, the low-Ti basalts make up about 99% and 50% by volume, respectively. Dolerite sills in the Angara-Taseevskaya Syncline at the southeastern STLIP exhibit trace element patterns and Sr isotope ratios typical of the low-Ti basalts of the Noril’sk sequence. The most Mg-rich (MgO 9.5–11 wt%) and hence least differentiated dolerites are characterized by trace element patterns with Ta-Nb depletion, low Ce/Pb and high Sr/Pr. These trace element features are similar to water-saturated, mantle wedge-derived island arc basalts. These imply an important role of subduction fluid-derived trace elements in the source of melting beneath the Angara-Taseevskaya Syncline and other regions of the STLIP. Less magnesium rocks (MgO 3.8–6.1 wt%) with less prominent Ta-Nb depletion, higher Ce/Pb and lower Sr/Pr could be produced via olivine-plagioclase fractionation of primary high-magnesium melts.


Large igneous provinces basalts trace elements Geochemistry Geodynamics Mineralogy and Petrology 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexei V. Ivanov
    • 1
  • Elena I. Demonterova
    • 1
  • Sergei V. Rasskazov
    • 1
  • Tatyana A. Yasnygina
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of the Earth’s CrustSiberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia

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