Journal of Chemical Sciences

, 130:168 | Cite as

Computational study of n-butyronitrile in gas and condensed phases: conformational relative stability and thermal properties

  • Mohammed I AlomariEmail author
Regular Article


Geometrical structures and relative stability of gauche and trans butyronitrile conformers have been investigated by utilizing ab initio and DFT calculations. The results showed that the gauche conformer is more stable by 0.27 kcal/mol, outlined as enthalpy change \(\Delta \hbox {H}\) between the two conformers, at CCSD/6-311G+(d,p), the highest level of theory used. Also, the population analysis displays that the gauche conformer is present at 70% in the gas phase, more predominant than the trans conformer. These results agree well with the previous experimental and theoretical findings. Additionally, thermodynamic properties of the two conformers have been investigated. The data exhibit that the abundance of the gauche conformer increases as the temperature decreases under high-pressure condition. The results help to understand the reasons behind the conformational transitions between the fluid and the solid phases.

Graphical Abstract

SYNOPSIS: The article investigates the geometrical structures, relative stability and thermodynamic data of gauche and trans butyronitrile conformers. The results show that the gauche conformer is more stable than the trans conformer. Also, they reveal the reasons behind the predominance of gauche conformer in the condensed phase.


Butyronitrile conformers CCSD and DFT methods relative stability population analysis condensed phase 



The author gratefully acknowledges the support of a PC computer by Tafila Technical University (Jordan), using which all the calculations were done.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry and Chemical TechnologyTafila Technical UniversityTafilaJordan

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