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Journal of Chemical Sciences

, Volume 124, Issue 5, pp 995–1006 | Cite as

Theoretical studies on a series of 1,2,4-triazoles derivatives as potential high energy density compounds

  • Zhang Rui-Zhou
  • Li Xiao-HongEmail author
  • Zhang Xian-Zhou
Article

Abstract

Density functional theory calculations at B3LYP/6-31G** and B3P86/6-31G** levels were performed to predict the densities (ρ), detonation velocities (D), pressures (P) and the thermal stabilities for a series of 1,2,4-triazole derivatives for looking high energy density compounds (HEDCs). The heats of formation (HOFs) are also calculated via designed isodesmic reactions. The calculations on the bond dissociation energies (BDEs) indicate that the position of the subsitutent group has great effect on the BDE and the BDEs of the initial scission step are between 31 and 65 kcal/mol. In addition, the condensed phase heats of formation are also calculated for the title compounds. These results would provide basic information for further studies of HEDCs.

Graphical Abstract

Densities, detonation velocities and pressures for a series of 1,2,4-triazole derivatives, as well as their thermal stabilities, were investigated to look for high energy density compounds (HEDCs). Heats of formation (HOFs) were also calculated via designed isodesmic reactions. 5,5′-Dinitro-3,3′-bi-1,2,4-triazole, 3-nitro-1-picryl-1,2,4-triazole and 4-(2,4-dinitrobenzyl)-3,5-dinitro-1,2,4-triazole satisfy the quantitative standard of HEDC.

Keywords

Density functional theory heat of formation bond dissociation energy isodesmic reactions detonation performance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 10774039) and the grant from Development Program in Science and Technology of Henan Province (No. 112300410206), Scientific and Technical Research Foundation for the Education Department of Henan Province (No. 12A140004) for their support to carry out this work.

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhang Rui-Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Li Xiao-Hong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Zhang Xian-Zhou
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Physics and EngineeringHenan University of Science and TechnologyLuoyangChina
  2. 2.Luoyang Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Functional MaterialsHenan University of Science and TechnologyLuoyangChina
  3. 3.College of Physics and Information EngineeringHenan Normal UniversityXinxiangChina

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