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A brief note on genes that trigger components of apomixis

  • Vladimir BrukhinEmail author
  • Ramamurthy Baskar
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Abstract

Apomixis or asexual reproduction through seeds occurs in about 400 species of flowering plants producing genetically uniform progeny. During apomixis, meiosis is bypassed and embryos develop by parthenogenesis. However, the endosperm could form either autonomously without fertilization or sexually, depending on the plant species. Most probably, a heterochronic expression of sexually expressed genes is one of the reason that causes apomixis. A better understanding of the genetic components regulating apomixis is important for developmental and evolutionary studies and also for engineering apomixis traits into crop plants that may realize a possibility to propagate hybrid vigor in a range of subsequent generations.

Keywords

Apomixis-associated genes asexual reproduction heterosis sexual reproduction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Grants 15-54-45001 from RFBR (to VB) and DST, New Delhi. The study was carried out within the framework of the state Assignment No. AAAA-A18-118051590112-8 to BIN RAS.

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dobzhansky Center for Genome BioinformaticsSt. Petersburg State UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of Plant EmbryologyKomarov Botanical Institute RASSaint PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Department of Biotechnology, Bhupat and Jyoti Mehta School of BiosciencesIndian Institute of Technology, MadrasChennaiIndia

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