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Journal of Biosciences

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 605–614 | Cite as

Role of sound stimulation in reprogramming brain connectivity

  • Sraboni ChaudhuryEmail author
  • Tapas C Nag
  • Suman Jain
  • Shashi Wadhwa
Review

Abstract

Sensory stimulation has a critical role to play in the development of an individual. Environmental factors tend to modify the inputs received by the sensory pathway. The developing brain is most vulnerable to these alterations and interacts with the environment to modify its neural circuitry. In addition to other sensory stimuli, auditory stimulation can also act as external stimuli to provide enrichment during the perinatal period. There is evidence that suggests that enriched environment in the form of auditory stimulation can play a substantial role in modulating plasticity during the prenatal period. This review focuses on the emerging role of prenatal auditory stimulation in the development of higher brain functions such as learning and memory in birds and mammals. The molecular mechanisms of various changes in the hippocampus following sound stimulation to effect neurogenesis, learning and memory are described. Sound stimulation can also modify neural connectivity in the early postnatal life to enhance higher cognitive function or even repair the secondary damages in various neurological and psychiatric disorders. Thus, it becomes imperative to examine in detail the possible ameliorating effects of prenatal sound stimulation in existing animal models of various psychiatric disorders, such as autism.

Keywords

Auditory pathway avian brain sound stimulation synaptic plasticity 

Abbreviations

BDNF

brain-derived neurotrophic factor

CaBPs

calcium-binding proteins

CREB

cAMP response element-binding

E

embryonic day

MNH

mediorostral nidopallium hyperpallium ventral

NL

nucleus laminaris

NM

nucleus magnocellularis

PV

parvalbumin

SPL

sound pressure level

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was financially supported by Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi (Grant number: BT/PR3148/BRB/10/276/2002 and BT/ PR6771/BRB/10/448/2005 to SW and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (no. 37/1242/06 EMRII to SJ).

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sraboni Chaudhury
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Tapas C Nag
    • 1
  • Suman Jain
    • 2
  • Shashi Wadhwa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysiologyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Molecular Behavioral Research InstituteUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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