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Long-term ultraviolet variability of Seyfert galaxies

  • N. Sukanya
  • C. S. Stalin
  • P. Joseph
  • S. Rakshit
  • D. Praveen
  • R. DamleEmail author
Article

Abstract

Flux variability is one of the defining characteristics of Seyfert galaxies, a class of active galactic nuclei (AGN). Although these variations are observed over a wide range of wavelengths, results on their flux variability characteristics in the ultraviolet (UV) band are very limited. We present here the long-term UV flux variability characteristics of a sample of fourteen Seyfert galaxies using data from the International Ultraviolet Explorer acquired between 1978 and 1995. We found that all the sources showed flux variations with no statistically significant differences in the amplitude of UV flux variation between shorter and longer wavelengths. Also, the flux variations between different near-UV (NUV, \(1850{-}3300\) Å) and far-UV (FUV, \(1150{-}2000\) Å) passbands in the rest frames of the objects are correlated with no time lag. The data show indications of (i) a mild negative correlation of UV variability with bolometric luminosity and (ii) weak positive correlation between UV variability and black hole mass. At FUV, about 50% of the sources show a strong correlation between spectral indices and flux variations with a hardening when brightening behaviour, while for the remaining sources the correlation is moderate. In NUV, the sources do show a harder spectrum when brighter, but the correlation is either weak or moderate.

Keywords

Active galaxies Seyferts variability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the anonymous referee for his/her critical comments that helped to improve the manuscript

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsBangalore UniversityBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of AstrophysicsBengaluruIndia
  3. 3.Department of Physics and AstronomySeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Physics DepartmentAmrita School of EngineeringBengaluruIndia

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