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Molecular Neurobiology

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 1124–1131 | Cite as

Glutamate Transporters/Na+, K+-ATPase Involving in the Neuroprotective Effect as a Potential Regulatory Target of Glutamate Uptake

  • Li-Nan Zhang
  • Yong-Jun Sun
  • Li-Xue Wang
  • Zi-Bin GaoEmail author
Article

Abstract

The glutamate (Glu) transporters GLAST and GLT-1, as the two most important transporters in brain tissue, transport Glu from the extracellular space into the cell protecting against Glu toxicity. Furthermore, GLAST and GLT-1 are sodium-dependent Glu transporters (GluTs) that rely on sodium and potassium gradients generated principally by Na+, K+-ATPase to generate ion gradients that drive Glu uptake. There is an interaction between Na+, K+-ATPase and GluTs to modulate Glu uptake, and Na+, K+-ATPase α, β or γ subunit can be directly coupled to GluTs, co-localizing with GLAST or GLT-1 in vivo to form a macromolecular complex and operate as a functional unit to regulate glutamatergic neurotransmission. Therefore, GluTs/Na+, K+-ATPase may be involved in the neuroprotective effect as a potential regulatory target of Glu uptake in neurodegenerative diseases induced by Glu-mediated neurotoxicity as the final common pathway.

Keywords

Na+, K+-ATPase Glutamate transporter Coupling/uncoupling Glutamate uptake Interaction 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge support from the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC 81402886), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province (H2014208004, H2012208080), Hebei Education Department Science Foundation (QN2014093), and the Hebei University of Science and Technology Discipline Construction Office and the State Key Laboratory Breeding Base—Hebei Key Laboratory of Molecular Chemistry for Drug.

Conflict of Interest

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li-Nan Zhang
    • 1
  • Yong-Jun Sun
    • 1
  • Li-Xue Wang
    • 2
  • Zi-Bin Gao
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PharmacyHebei University of Science and TechnologyShijiazhuangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Cadre WardCapital Medical University Electric Power Teaching HospitalBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory Breeding Base—Hebei Province Key Laboratory of Molecular Chemistry for DrugShijiazhuangPeople’s Republic of China

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