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Molecular Neurobiology

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 1190–1209 | Cite as

Mechanism and Regulation of Autophagy and Its Role in Neuronal Diseases

  • Zhiping Hu
  • Binbin Yang
  • Xiaoye Mo
  • Han Xiao
Article

Abstract

Autophagy is a constitutive lysosomal catabolic pathway that degrades damaged organelles and protein aggregates. Neuronal survival is highly dependent on autophagy due to its post-mitotic nature, polarized morphology, and active protein trafficking. Autophagic dysfunction has been linked to several neuronal diseases. Our understanding is still incomplete but may highlight up-to-date findings on how autophagy is executed and regulated at the molecular level and its role in neurodegenerative diseases (including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Huntington’s disease (HD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)), brain ischemia, and myelin diseases, hence providing attractive new avenues for the development of treatment strategies to combat neuronal diseases.

Keywords

Autophagy Autophagy flux Neurons Neurodegenerative diseases Brain ischemia Myelin disease 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departement of Neurology, 2nd Xiangya HospitalCentral South UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.Departement of Emergency, Xiangya HospitalCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

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