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Bentonite polymer composite for water purification

  • Gulziya A SeilkhanovaEmail author
  • Ainur N Imangaliyeva
  • Yitzhak Mastai
  • Akmaral B Rakhym
Article
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Abstract

A polyethylene glycol (PEG)–bentonite (BT) composite was prepared by direct polymerization of PEG in suspensions of BT. Based on detailed analyses using field-effect scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, surface area measurements and chemical methods, the obtained product was mainly composed of Ca-BT with a specific surface area of \(4.13 \hbox { m}^{2} \hbox { g}^{-1}\). The optimal conditions for adsorption of \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) and \(\hbox {Cd}^{2+}\) ions were found to be a PEG content of 0.1% and a contact time of 60 min. The sorption experiments were performed under various operating variables, including polymer concentration, pH and temperature. For both \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) and \(\hbox {Cd}^{2+}\), the adsorption equilibrium was described by the Freundlich model, which confirmed the presence of a heterogeneous system with irregular filling of the active centres. The maximum sorption capacities of BT–PEG for removal of \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) and \(\hbox {Cd}^{2+}\) were found to be 22 and 18 mg \(\hbox {g}^{-1}\), respectively. The rate constants calculated for the sorption of \(\hbox {Pb}^{2+}\) and \(\hbox {Cd}^{2+}\) were 6.29 and 6.67 g \(\hbox {mg}^{-1} \hbox { min}^{-1}\), respectively, at \(25^{\circ }\hbox {C}\). This study shows that the obtained sorbents based on BT may be used for treatment of waste water and could help resolve environmental protection issues.

Keywords

Bentonite clay polyethylene glycol lead cadmium sorption composite materials 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan 3444/GF4 ‘Scientific bases development of phosphorus-containing compounds obtained on the basis of technogenic mineral raw materials’.

Supplementary material

12034_2019_1752_MOESM1_ESM.docx (60 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (docx 59 KB)

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gulziya A Seilkhanova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ainur N Imangaliyeva
    • 1
  • Yitzhak Mastai
    • 2
  • Akmaral B Rakhym
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical TechnologyAl-Farabi Kazakh National UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and the Institute of NanotechnologyBar-Ilan UniversityRamat-GanIsrael

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