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Dextran from Leuconostoc mesenteroides-doped ammonium salt-based green polymer electrolyte

  • M H Hamsan
  • M F Shukur
  • S B Aziz
  • M F Z KadirEmail author
Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Biopolymer electrolytes based on dextran from Leuconostoc mesenteroides doped with ammonium nitrate \((\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {NO}_{3})\) are synthesized via a solution cast method. Fourier transform infrared analysis is used to determine the complexation between cation from the salt with functional groups of dextran. The ionic conductivity of undoped dextran film at room temperature is identified as \((8.24\,\pm \,0.31)\times 10^{-11}\hbox { S }\hbox {cm}^{-1}\). A conductivity of \((3.00\,\pm \,1.60)\times 10^{-5}\hbox { S }\hbox {cm}^{-1}\) is achieved with the inclusion of 20 wt% \(\hbox {NH}_{4}\hbox {NO}_{3}\) to the pure dextran film. The conductivity at a high temperature of the electrolyte obeys Arrhenius theory. Field emission scanning electron microscopy results show that the highest conducting sample has a porous surface. Results from the dielectric study show a non-Debye characteristic.

Keywords

Biopolymer dextran ammonium nitrate dielectric ionic conductivity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the University of Malaya for the Grants FP009-2015A, RP010B-13AFR and BKS005-2018 awarded.

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Graduate StudiesUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Fundamental and Applied Sciences DepartmentUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASSeri IskandarMalaysia
  3. 3.Advanced Polymeric Materials Research Lab, Department of Physics, College of ScienceUniversity of SulaimaniSulaimaniIraq
  4. 4.Komar Research Center (KRC)Komar University of Science and TechnologySulaimaniIraq
  5. 5.Centre for Foundation Studies in ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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