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Laccase immobilized onto graphene oxide nanosheets and electrodeposited gold–cetyltrimethylammonium bromide complex to fabricate a novel catechol biosensor

  • Maryam Nazari
  • Soheila KashanianEmail author
  • Nasim Maleki
  • Nahid Shahabadi
Article

Abstract

In this study, a new biosensor is developed with reliable and easy-to-use biodevice properties for catechol determination in real samples. A method is proposed for the fabrication of biosensors to sense catechol based on the adsorption method of laccase immobilization. Hence, a glassy carbon electrode was modified via graphene oxide nanosheets and then it was modified with a gold–cetyltrimethylammonium bromide nanocomposite to adsorb and immobilize laccase on the electrode surface. The results showed laccase immobilization onto the reformed glassy carbon electrode, and a direct electron transfer reaction between laccase and the electrode. The mechanism of electron transferring was \(\hbox {EC}^{\prime }\). Also, \(k_{\mathrm{s}}\) and \(\alpha \) were calculated as \(0.41\, \hbox {s}^{-1}\) and 0.33, respectively. For this biosensor two linear ranges, \(0.1\times 10^{-6}\) to \(5\times 10^{-6}\) M and \(16.7\times 10^{-6}\) to \(166\times 10^{-6}\) M, and a detection limit of \(1.5\times 10^{-6}\) M were obtained.

Keywords

Biosensor laccase graphene oxide gold–cetyltrimethylammonium bromide complex catechol 

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryam Nazari
    • 1
    • 2
  • Soheila Kashanian
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Nasim Maleki
    • 1
  • Nahid Shahabadi
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of ChemistryRazi UniversityKermanshahIran
  2. 2.Nano Drug Delivery Research Center, Faculty of PharmacyKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran
  3. 3.Medical Biology Research CenterKermanshah University of Medical SciencesKermanshahIran

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