Effects of sintering conditions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of SiC prepared using powders recovered from kerf loss sludge
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The effects of sintering conditions on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the sintered SiC prepared using the SiC powder recovered from the kerf loss sludge were investigated. The recovered SiC powders were consolidated by spark plasma sintering (SPS) and conventional sintering methods. The effects of sintering temperature, time and methods (SPS and conventional sintering) on the phase, grain size and density of SiC were systematically studied. The Vickers hardness of spark plasma-sintered (SPSed) samples was higher than that of conventional sintered samples due to small grain size. When holding time was increased from 10 to 30 min, the grain size and relative density of SPSed samples were also increased, which lead to the almost constant Vickers hardness by competing effects of grain size and relative density. When holding time was over 30 min, no appreciable change of the relative density and grain size were observed, which can lead to similar values of Vickers hardness. SPS process can be used to make SiC with high density and hardness at relatively low temperature compared with the conventional sintering process.
KeywordsRecovered SiC sintering conditions spark plasma sintering (SPS) conventional sintering
This work was supported by the Industrial strategic technology development program, 10038628, the Development of a production process for SiC powder and pressureless sintered SiC funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MI, Korea) and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP) (no. NRF-2015R1A5A1037627).
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