Bulletin of Materials Science

, 41:138 | Cite as

Biomass carbon materials derived from macadamia nut shells for high-performance supercapacitors

  • Xiaowei Lu
  • Kaixiong Xiang
  • Wei Zhou
  • Yirong Zhu
  • Han ChenEmail author


The new biomass carbonaceous materials were obtained from macadamia nut shells (MNS) by immersion method and high-temperature activation (MNSCA) for high-performance supercapacitors. The morphologies and microstructures are investigated by X-ray diffractometer, Raman spectrometer, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The experimental results show that the obtained activated carbon (MNSCA) exhibits perfect porous structure filled with more micropores and mesopores. MNSCA displays high specific surface area of 1057 \(\hbox {m}^{2}\hbox { g}^{-1}\). The porous carbon delivers an impressive specific capacitance of 325.7 F \(\hbox {g}^{-1}\) and has no capacitance loss at the current density of 2 A \(\hbox {g}^{-1}\) after 10,000 cycles, which demonstrates the excellent cycle stability and high specific capacitance. The biomass carbonaceous materials derived from MNS can be expected for the widespread application of supercapacitors.


Supercapacitor activated carbon porous structure macadamia nut shells 



This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (51772090, 51572079), Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2016JJ5008, 2016JJ5041) and Hunan Provincial Education Department (16A055).


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaowei Lu
    • 1
  • Kaixiong Xiang
    • 1
  • Wei Zhou
    • 1
  • Yirong Zhu
    • 1
  • Han Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Metallurgical and Materials EngineeringHunan University of TechnologyZhuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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