Bulletin of Materials Science

, 41:165 | Cite as

Optimization of the liquid–liquid interfacial precipitation method for the synthesis of \(\hbox {C}_{60}\) nanotubes

  • Dorra MahdaouiEmail author
  • Chika Hirata
  • Nabil Omri
  • Takatsugu Wakahara
  • Manef Abderrabba
  • Kun’ichi Miyazawa


Tubular fullerene nanowhiskers called ‘fullerene nanotubes’ are composed of \(\hbox {C}_{60}\) fullerene molecules (\(\hbox {C}_{60}\) NTs) are synthesized at room temperature using the liquid–liquid interfacial precipitation method in the pyridine and isopropyl alcohol (IPA) system. The growth control of fullerene nanotubes is important for their chemical and physical properties as well as for their future applications. In the present study, we investigated the effect of light, water, solvent ratio and temperature on the synthesis of \(\hbox {C}_{60}\) nanotubes. A marked development in the yield of \(\hbox {C}_{60}\) NTs was achieved using dehydrated solvents, a solution with a volume ratio of 1:9 for pyridine: IPA, a growth temperature equal to \(5{^{\circ }}\hbox {C}\) and by illuminating the \(\hbox {C}_{60}\)-pyridine solution with ultraviolet light (wavelength 302 nm) for 102 h. The synthesized fullerene nanotubes were characterized by different analytical techniques including Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, optical microscopy, focussed ion beam scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy.


Fullerene nanotubes liquid–liquid interfacial precipitation method solution growth solvent temperature light 



Part of this research was supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science JSPS KAKENHI (grant number 26600007). TEM analysis of this work was conducted at Advanced Characterization Nanotechnology Platform of Tokyo University, supported by ‘Nanotechnology platform’ of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan.


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Materials, Molecules and Applications, Preparatory Institute for Scientific and Technical StudiesUniversity of CarthageLa Marsa, TunisTunisia
  2. 2.National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)TsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Sciences and Technology, Graduate School of Chemical Sciences and TechnologyTokyo University of ScienceTokyoJapan

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