Molecular Cloning and Transient Expression of Recombinant Human PPARγ in HEK293T Cells Under an Inducible Tet-on System

  • Sonia Montero-Molina
  • Eder Arredondo-Espinoza
  • Jorge Solís-Estrada
  • Daniel Garzón-Cortés
  • Isaías Balderas-RenteríaEmail author
Original paper


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is involved in the regulation of lipid and glucose homeostasis and inflammation. PPARγ expression level has been widely studied in multiple tissues; however, there are few reports of preceding attempts to produce full-length human PPARγ (hPPARγ) in cellular models, and generally, expression level is not known or measurable. We propose an alternative strategy to express recombinant hPPARγ1, using a transient transfection with an inducible Tet-On 3G system where target and reporter gene were cloned in the same open reading frame. We transiently co-transfected human embryonic kidney 293T (HEK293T) cells with pTRE-ZsGreen1-IRES2-hPPARγ1 and pCMV-TET3G for inducible expression of hPPARγ1. Relative expression of the transcript was evaluated by RT-qPCR 48 h after transfection, obtaining a high expression level of hPPARγ (530-fold change, p < 0.002) in co-transfected HEK293T cells in the presence of doxycycline (1 μg/mL); also a significantly increased production of the reporter protein ZsGreen1 (3.6-fold change, p < 0.05) was determined by fluorescence analysis. These data indicated that HEK293T cells were successfully co-transfected and it could be an alternative model for hPPARγ expression in vitro. Additionally, this model will help to validate the quantification of inducible hPPARγ expression in vivo models for future research.


Cellular model Inducible expression PPARγ Transfection qPCR 



Human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma


Human embryonic kidney 293T



SMM thanks CONACYT-MEXICO for the Grant [No. 307119] and also thank Elizeth Pioquinto-Avila for technical support.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12033_2019_173_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 15 kb)


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Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Genetic Engineering and Genomics Laboratory, School of ChemistrySan Nicolas de los GarzaMexico
  2. 2.Biological Models Unit, Biomedical Research InstituteUniversidad Nacional Autonoma de MexicoMexico CityMexico

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