The Effect of Methyl Jasmonate and Temperature on the Transient Expression of Recombinant Proteins in Cucurbita pepo L.
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The aim of this study is to assess the effect of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and temperature on the valuable pharmaceuticals expression in a virus-mediated transient expression system, and so the Zuchini Yellow Mosaic Virus (ZYMV) based vector was used for transferring the GFP reporter gene and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) gene (K2S) to cucurbit (Cucurbita pepo L.). MeJA, temperature and time (days after inoculation), were evaluated as a factorial experiment in a completely randomized design (CRD). At first, the effect of all treatment combinations on GFP expression was assessed. At this step, the ELISA test was used to select the optimum treatment combination. ELISA method revealed the significant difference between applied treatments. The optimized treatment significantly increased the expression of rtPA compared to the control. The Real-Time PCR reaction for both GFP and rtPA genes showed no significant differences between optimum and control treatments, however, transcripts of the small subunit of RuBisCO were extremely down-regulated in optimum treatment condition. Reduction in RuBisCO expression at protein level was tangible under treatment condition based on the ELISA test. Therefore, it can be inferred that suppressing the expression of RuBisCO, probably resulted in higher access of expression system to free amino acids inside the cell. In this study, MeJA has been shown to be a positive factor, but the low temperature (17 °C), unlike previous studies, suppressed the expression of recombinant protein unexpectedly, probably due to the incompatibility of the viral construct with low temperature. In conclusion, the use of a suitable gene construct, which is not sensitive to temperature, is likely to result in a more favorable outcome.
KeywordsRecombinant protein Methyl Jasmonate Transient expression Elicitor Molecular Pharming
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