Molecular Biotechnology

, Volume 60, Issue 8, pp 595–600 | Cite as

Molecular Cloning and Biochemical Characterization of Iron Superoxide Dismutase from Leishmania braziliensis

  • Camila C. B. Brito
  • Fernando V. Maluf
  • Gustavo M. A. de Lima
  • Rafael V. C. Guido
  • Marcelo S. CastilhoEmail author
Original Paper


Leishmaniasis is one of the most important neglected tropical diseases, with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Among the clinical manifestations of the disease, cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by species of Leishmania braziliensis, presents wide distribution in Brazil. In this work, we performed the cloning, expression, and purification of the enzyme superoxide dismutase of Leishmania braziliensis (LbSOD-B2) considered a promising target for the search of new compounds against leishmaniasis. In vitro assays based on pyrogallol oxidation showed that LbSOD-B2 is most active around pH 8 and hydrogen peroxide is a LbSOD-B2 inhibitor at low millimolar range (IC50 = 1 mM).


Leishmania braziliensis Superoxide dismutase Heterologous expression Kinetic assay 



The authors are grateful for the academic support of PPGBiotec-UEFS and the Grants from CNPq 306277/2014-0, FAPESB BOL0688/2014, and FAPESP 2013/07600-3.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors confirm that this article content has no conflicts of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de pós-graduação em BiotecnologiaUniversidade Estadual de Feira de SantanaFeira de SantanaBrazil
  2. 2.Sao Carlos Institute of PhysicsUniversity of Sao PauloSão CarlosBrazil
  3. 3.Faculdade de FarmáciaUniversidade Federal da BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  4. 4.MAX IV LaboratoryLund UniversityLundSweden

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