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Medical Oncology

, 32:48 | Cite as

Interaction of sonic hedgehog (SHH) pathway with cancer stem cell genes in gastric cancer

  • Ali Akbar Samadani
  • Haleh Akhavan-NiakiEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

Gastric cancer may appear by frequent genetic or epigenetic changes in oncogenes, tumor suppressor or DNA mismatch repair genes. Molecular studies show the possibility of involvement of certain cancer pathways in gastric cancer. In this respect, DNA methylation is one of the most important epigenetic alterations in gastric cancer and identifying the signaling mechanism and also methylation of some genes that are involved in gastric cancer can help to improve treatment strategies. Relatively, there are many reported methylation alteration of genes in stem cells in all kinds of tumors with some of these genes having a key role in tumor development. Correspondingly, KLF5, CDX1/2, WNT1 and FEM1A are considerable genes in gastric cancer, although many researches and studies have illustrated that sonic hedgehog and expression of its signaling cascade proteins are related in gastric cancer. Relatively, modification in these genes causes many eclectic cancers such as rhabdomyosarcoma and diverse kinds of digestive system tumor development. Conspicuously, these master genes have a noticeable role in stem cell’s growth regulation as well as other kinds of cancer such as breast cancer and leukemia. Hence, we concluded that research and studies on methylation and expression of these genes and also the investigation of molecular signaling in gastric cancer can acquire impressive conclusions in order to control and treat this common place and serious problem.

Keywords

Sonic hedgehog (SHH) DNA methylation Gastric cancer 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cellular and Molecular Biology Research CenterBabol University of Medical SciencesBabolIran

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