Medical Oncology

, 30:471

Breast cancer screening: review of benefits and harms, and recommendations for developing and low-income countries

  • Meteb Al-Foheidi
  • Mubarak M. Al-Mansour
  • Ezzeldin M. Ibrahim
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12032-013-0471-5

Cite this article as:
Al-Foheidi, M., Al-Mansour, M.M. & Ibrahim, E.M. Med Oncol (2013) 30: 471. doi:10.1007/s12032-013-0471-5

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. The disease remains a public health concern as recent evidence indicates that the breast cancer burden has increased mainly in developing and low-income countries (DLICs). Despite the demonstrated benefits, the debate about the real benefits and harms of breast cancer screening is ongoing. Many experts believe that the benefits of screening, in terms of reduced breast cancer mortality, outweigh the harms, whereas others think the opposite. In this review, we assess the clinical utility of available screening modalities, present evidence, overdiagnosis, cost-effectiveness, and other pertinent issues. We also examine relevant data from DLICs to underscore the barriers and challenges that impede implementation of screening strategies in those populations. We also provide recommendations concerning rational preventive strategies for breast cancer control for women in DLICs.

Keywords

Breast cancer Screening Early detection Developing countries Low-income countries Guidelines 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meteb Al-Foheidi
    • 1
  • Mubarak M. Al-Mansour
    • 1
  • Ezzeldin M. Ibrahim
    • 2
  1. 1.Princess Noorah Oncology CenterKing Abdulaziz Medical CityJeddahKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Oncology Center of ExcellenceInternational Medical CenterJeddahKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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