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Medical Oncology

, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp 2527–2534 | Cite as

Down-regulation of microRNA-200c is associated with drug resistance in human breast cancer

  • Junqing Chen
  • Wei Tian
  • Hongke Cai
  • Haifei He
  • Yongchuan Deng
Original Paper

Abstract

Drug resistance remains a major clinical obstacle to successful treatment in breast cancer patients, and the evidence of microRNAs involvement in cancer drug resistance has been emerging recently. However, the role of microRNA-200c (miR-200c) in modulating chemoresistance of breast cancer remains largely unexplored. Here, we investigated the miR-200c expression in tumor specimens obtained from thirty-nine breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvent chemotherapy by quantitative real-time PCR. Down-regulated miR-200c was observed in non-responders as compared to responders. In addition, miR-200c expression was observed to be down-regulated over 800-fold in human breast cancer cells resistant to doxorubicin MCF-7/ADR as compared to the parental MCF-7 cells. Up-regulation of miR-200c with transfection of miR-200c mimics in breast cancer cells could enhance the chemosensitivity to epirubicin and reduce expression of multidrug resistance 1 mRNA and P-glycoprotein. Moreover, our study demonstrated that restoration of miR-200c in MCF-7/ADR cells could increase intracellular doxorubicin accumulation determined by flow cytometry. Taken together, our findings suggest that miR-200c may act as a promising therapeutic target for improvement of responsiveness to chemotherapy in breast cancer.

Keywords

MicroRNA Breast cancer Drug resistance Chemotherapy P-glycoprotein 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junqing Chen
    • 1
  • Wei Tian
    • 2
  • Hongke Cai
    • 2
  • Haifei He
    • 2
  • Yongchuan Deng
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgical Oncology, Cancer Institute, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Intervention, China National Ministry of Education, The Second Affiliated HospitalSchool of Medicine Zhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Surgical Oncology, The Second Affiliated HospitalSchool of Medicine Zhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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