Polymorphism in pre-miR-30c contributes to gastric cancer risk in a Chinese population
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To explore the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) A/G in pre-miR-30c and gastric cancer risk and to assess various genotypes that affected the survival of patients, we performed a hospital-based, case–control study in Inner Mongolia autonomous region of China. A total of 240 gastric cancer patients and 240 age- and sex-matched cancer-free controls collected from 2006 to 2011 were enrolled in this study. Polymorphism rs928508 in pre-miR-30c was analyzed by TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. The expression of mature miR-30c was detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR in 48 gastric cancer specimens. Survival analysis was analyzed by the Kaplan–Meier survival curves. The genotype frequencies of pre-miR-30c A/G in gastric cancer patients were obviously different from those in the controls (P = 0.022). AA genotype carriers were associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer compared with GG genotype (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.83, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07–3.15, P = 0.029). Moreover, the gastric cancer risk especially elevated in older individuals (aged >60 years), males, nonsmokers, and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-infected individuals (adjusted OR = 2.66, 95% CI: 1.38–5.13, P = 0.004; adjusted OR = 1.90, 95% CI: 1.10–3.27, P = 0.022; adjusted OR = 1.94, 95% CI: 1.12–3.35, P = 0.018; adjusted OR = 1.83, 95% CI: 1.08–3.10, P = 0.024, respectively). Further stratified analysis indicated that AA genotype facilitated developing of gastric cancer with lymph node metastasis (adjusted OR = 2.23, 95% CI: 1.07–4.64, P = 0.032). Expression analysis detected that rs928508 AA showed a significantly increased level of mature miR-30c compared with GG or AG/GG genotype (P = 0.011 or P = 0.013). Patients with AA genotype were associated with unfavorable outcome in overall survival compared with AG/GG genotype (Log rank 5.848, P = 0.016). This study demonstrates that pre-miR-30c A/G polymorphism may be associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer in a Chinese population through altering mature miR-30c expression. However, their role as novel biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of gastric diseases still needs to be systematically evaluated.
KeywordsmiR-30c Polymorphisms Gastric cancer Genetic susceptibility Prognosis
The authors thank Jia SQ for her collected samples from the First Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College. This study was supported by a grant for scientific research from the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical College NYFZD 2010-0008.
Conflicts of interest
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