Medical Oncology

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 1281–1287 | Cite as

Intima-media thickness, myocardial perfusion and laboratory risk factors of atherosclerosis in patients with breast cancer treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy

  • Hana Kalábová
  • Bohuslav Melichar
  • Leoš Ungermann
  • Jiří Doležal
  • Lenka Krčmová
  • Markéta Kašparová
  • Jiří Plíšek
  • Radomír Hyšpler
  • Miroslav Pecka
  • Dagmar Solichová
Original paper

Abstract

An increased incidence of complications of atherosclerosis has been noted in cancer survivors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in patients with breast carcinoma, the effect of antracycline-based chemotherapy on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), myocardial perfusion, assessed by single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) and laboratory parameters associated with the risk of atherosclerosis. Thirty-six patients with breast cancer were evaluated before and after anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Retinol, alpha-tocopherol, glycosylated hemoglobin and urinary neopterin were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Peripheral blood cell count, D-dimers, fibrinogen, antithrombin, glucose, magnesium, creatinine, uric acid, albumin, C-reactive protein, lipoprotein (a), cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, homocysteine, urinary albumin and N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase (NAG) were determined with routine methods. No significant differences were observed between patients and 16 controls. Compared to the measurement before the start of therapy, peripheral blood leukocyte and platelet count, hemoglobin, creatinine, HDL cholesterol, retinol, albumin, urinary albumin and NAG decreased, and total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, neopterin and mean IMT increased significantly after the treatment. Of the 36 patients who had SPECT after treatment, perfusion defects were noted only in two cases, including the patient who had perfusion defects at baseline examination and a patient who did not have a baseline SPECT. In conclusion, a significant increase in carotid IMT, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and urinary neopterin and a decrease of peripheral blood leukocyte and platelet counts, hemoglobin, creatinine, HDL cholesterol, retinol, albumin and NAG were observed after the treatment.

Keywords

Atherosclerosis Cancer Intima-media thickness Single-photon emission computed tomography 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hana Kalábová
    • 1
  • Bohuslav Melichar
    • 2
    • 8
  • Leoš Ungermann
    • 3
  • Jiří Doležal
    • 4
  • Lenka Krčmová
    • 5
    • 7
  • Markéta Kašparová
    • 5
    • 7
  • Jiří Plíšek
    • 5
    • 7
  • Radomír Hyšpler
    • 5
  • Miroslav Pecka
    • 6
  • Dagmar Solichová
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Oncology and RadiotherapyCharles University School of MedicineHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Experimental NeurosurgeryCharles University School of MedicineHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyCharles University School of MedicineHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Nuclear MedicineCharles University School of MedicineHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  5. 5.Department of Gerontology and Metabolic CareCharles University School of MedicineHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  6. 6.Department of HematologyCharles University School of MedicineHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  7. 7.Department of Analytical ChemistryCharles University School of PharmacyHradec KraloveCzech Republic
  8. 8.Department of OncologyPalacký University Medical School Teaching HospitalOlomoucCzech Republic

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