Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) includes a number of inherited disorders which are characterized by stiffness in the lower extremities and progressive gait disturbance. Mutations in terms of spastic gait genes (SPGs) are responsible for occurrence of different types of HPS with autosomal recessive, X-linked recessive, and autosomal dominant modes of inheritance. In the current case report, we identified a mutation in SPG11 gene in a female patient with progressive stiffness of lower extremities and atrophy of corpus callosum and the “lynx ear” sign in brain MRI. Whole exome sequencing (WES) revealed a homozygote frameshift deletion variant in SPG11 gene (NM001160227: exon 28: c.4746delT, p.N1583Tfs*23). This variant is a null variant classified as a pathogenic variant (PVS1) according to ACMG standards and guidelines. The frequency of this variant in 1000G, ExAC, and Iranome databases was 0. This study shows the role of WES in the identification of disease-causing mutations in a disease such as HSP which can be caused by diverse mutations in several genes.
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The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.
This study was financially supported by Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.
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Sayad, A., Akbari, M.T., Hesami, O. et al. Identification of a Mutation in SPG11 in an Iranian Patient with Spastic Paraplegia and Ears of the Lynx Sign. J Mol Neurosci (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12031-020-01501-2
- Hereditary spastic paraplegia
- Ears of the lynx sign