Down-regulation of Long Noncoding RNA MALAT1 Protects Hippocampal Neurons Against Excessive Autophagy and Apoptosis via the PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway in Rats with Epilepsy
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Epilepsy is a common chronic brain disorder and is characterized by an enduring predisposition to generate seizures. The hippocampus is especially vulnerable to seizure-induced damage. In this study, we explore the ability of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) to influence the autophagy and apoptosis of hippocampal neurons in epilepsy and the underlying mechanism involving the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Seventy-two Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to normal, sham, Ep, Ep + si-NC, Ep + si-MALAT1, and Ep + si-MALAT1 + LY groups. Fluorescence in situ hybridization kit was employed to determine the MALAT1 in the brain tissues. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting were performed to determine the expression of MALAT1, mRNAs, and proteins. The autophagy of hippocampal neurons was evaluated under a transmission electron microscope and their apoptosis was evaluated using TUNEL staining. We found that MALAT1 and c-Met were enriched while microRNA-101 (miR-101) decreased in rats with epilepsy. The demonstration showed that MALAT1 binds to miR-101, thus regulating c-Met. In rats with epilepsy, MALAT1 depletion mediated by anti-MALAT1 siRNA resulted in activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and loss of hippocampal neurons. LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, could reverse the events caused by MALAT1 knockdown. Taken together, these findings indicate that down-regulation of MALAT1 activates the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to protect hippocampal neurons against autophagy and apoptosis in rats with epilepsy.
KeywordsLong noncoding RNA MALAT1 PI3K/Akt signaling pathway Epilepsy Hippocampal neuron
We would like to acknowledge the helpful comments received from reviewers.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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