Prenatal Diagnosis of BMD in Morocco: Evolution and Limits
The muscular dystrophy is a group of inherited disorders characterized in the most of cases by progressive muscle weakness. The best known are X-linked disorder Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD). BMD is a milder form of the disease with a later age of onset and a slower clinical progression. The DMD gene, located on Xp21, is the largest human gene in the human genome (2.3 Mb). DMD gene consists of 79 exons and codes for dystrophin protein. A 9-year-old boy, who experienced symptoms of the disease, was admitted to the Casablanca University Children’s Hospital. The patient, with no known family history of significant muscle disease, was first examined at 4 years of age because of walking difficulties and a limited hands force. Blood tests revealed elevated serum levels of creatine kinase (7.60 U/L). The electromyogram showed myopathic changes, consisting of polyphasic potentials, and the muscular biopsy revealed dystrophic aspect. Analysis of the dystrophin-encoding gene by PCR deletion analysis of the dystrophin gene was performed by multiplex PCR primer sets of Chamberlain and Beggs. The analysis showed a deletion of exons 45 to 49. Mother genetic testing showed the heterozygosis deletion.
KeywordsPrenatal diagnosis Becker muscular dystrophy Legal framework
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