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Journal of Molecular Neuroscience

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 589–593 | Cite as

Eating Disturbance in Behavioural-Variant Frontotemporal Dementia

  • Olivier Piguet
Article

Abstract

Behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is a progressive neurodegenerative brain disorder, clinically characterised by changes in cognition, personality and behaviour. Marked disturbances in eating behaviour, such as overeating and preference for sweet foods, are also commonly reported. This paper reviews the current literature on eating abnormalities in bvFTD, their clinical characteristics and biological correlates, and the contribution of hypothalamus to eating regulation. Existing literature shows that disturbance in an orbitofrontal–insular–striatal brain network underlies the emergence of eating disturbance in bvFTD. In addition, recent evidence indicates that degeneration and consequent dysregulation within the hypothalamus relates to significant feeding disturbance in this disease. These findings could provide a basis for the development of therapeutic models in bvFTD.

Keywords

Hypothalamus Neuroimaging Postmortem 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Olivier Piguet is supported by a National Health and Medical Research Council Clinical Career Development Award fellowship (no. 510184).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Neuroscience Research AustraliaSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Medical SciencesThe University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

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