Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Metastatic to Umbilicus: a Case Report with Review of Literature
Esophageal cancer is the 8th most common malignancy worldwide and around 455,800 new cases and 400,200 deaths in 2012 were attributed to it. An alarming 80% of these cases occurred in developing countries [ 1]. According to WHO cancer statistics 2018, esophageal cancer is responsible for 4.9% of overall cancer-related deaths worldwide and 5.7% in India. The two major histological types not only differ in their origin but also in their incidence. Whereas, adenocarcinomas arise from lower 1/3rd of esophagus with frequency of 0.7/100,000; however, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arises from upper and middle 1/3rd region and occurs at rate of 5.2 per 100,000 [ 1]. Even though newer treatment modalities have developed, esophageal cancer still has dismal prognosis. The 5-year survival rates depend upon tumor stage at the time of diagnosis which warrants a thorough workup to look for metastatic disease, tumor invasion, and lymph node involvement. The origin of cancer has been...
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The case has been reported with in compliance of institutional ethics protocol for hospital services.
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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