Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 541–546 | Cite as

Treatment of Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting

  • Hanane Inrhaoun
  • Tamás Kullmann
  • Ibrahim Elghissassi
  • Hind Mrabti
  • Hassan Errihani
Review Article

Abstract

Background

Recent improvements in medical oncology include both development of anticancer and supportive therapy. Serotonin receptor antagonists were introduced in clinical practice 20 years ago. Since then, the prevention and treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting allows continuing efficacious chemotherapy that earlier had to be stopped sometimes for intolerance.

Aim

This anniversary review summarises the current antiemetic arsenal focussing on the most potent antiemetic drugs such as serotonin and substance P receptor antagonists.

Result

Antiemetic treatment improves quality of life under chemotherapy and contributes to the survival benefit as well. In spite of the use of these new drugs, a significant number of patients still experience nausea and vomiting. Special complications like delayed emesis can be alleviated by combination therapies.

Conclusion

Prevention and optimal management of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting should be a goal for most patients receiving emetogenic chemotherapy.

Keywords

Antiemetic Chemotherapy Nausea-vomiting 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanane Inrhaoun
    • 1
  • Tamás Kullmann
    • 2
  • Ibrahim Elghissassi
    • 1
  • Hind Mrabti
    • 1
  • Hassan Errihani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical OncologyNational Institute of OncologyRabatMorocco
  2. 2.Department of Medical OncologySaint Louis HospitalParisFrance

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