Neurocritical Care

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 116–118

Intrathecal Saline Infusion: An Emergency Procedure in a Patient with Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension

  • Christian Sass
  • Christoph Kosinski
  • Patrick Schmidt
  • Michael Mull
  • Jörg Schulz
  • Johannes Schiefer
Practical Pearl

DOI: 10.1007/s12028-012-9783-0

Cite this article as:
Sass, C., Kosinski, C., Schmidt, P. et al. Neurocrit Care (2013) 19: 116. doi:10.1007/s12028-012-9783-0

Abstract

Background

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a neurologic condition with the prototypical symptom of orthostatic headache. We report a dramatic case of SIH with life-threatening bilateral hygroma and uncal herniation.

Methods

Case report.

Results

A 44-year-old male patient presenting with orthostatic headache and double vision was diagnosed with SIH. Diagnostic imaging showed meningeal enhancement and bilateral hygroma. A conservative treatment regime was initiated. The patient’s condition rapidly deteriorated with progressive loss of consciousness. Cranial MRI showed beginning uncal herniation. As an emergency treatment measure, an intracranial pressure (ICP) probe was inserted and intrathecal lumbal saline infusion was initiated. This led to a stabilization of ICP and allowed further diagnostics and treatment.

Conclusion

Intrathecal lumbal saline infusion in combination with ICP monitoring can be a life-saving treatment option in unstable SIH patients.

Keywords

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension Subdural hygroma Orthostatic coma Csf leak Low csf volume Intrathecal saline infusion 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Sass
    • 1
  • Christoph Kosinski
    • 2
  • Patrick Schmidt
    • 2
  • Michael Mull
    • 3
  • Jörg Schulz
    • 1
  • Johannes Schiefer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity Hospital AachenAachenGermany
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyMedizinisches Zentrum StädteRegion AachenWürselenGermany
  3. 3.Department of NeuroradiologyUniversity Hospital AachenAachenGermany

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