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The EU’s counter-terrorism policy after 2015—“Europe wasn’t ready”—“but it has proven that it’s adaptable”

  • Christine AndreevaEmail author
Article

Abstract

The EU was not well-prepared to deal with jihadist terrorism in 2015, despite the indications of intensifying threat from 2011 on, nevertheless in 2019 it is much better aware of, and equipped to face future threats stemming from jihadist terrorism. Member States’ governments largely underestimated the rising threat at first, while practitioners, struggling to find the appropriate counter-terrorism measures, learned the added value of cross-border cooperation and of the tools the EU offers in operational cooperation. The latter realisation, compounded with the plethora of EU legislative measures introduced since 2015 provide for a much better preparedness for the terrorist threat.

Keywords

European Union (EU) Harmonisation measures Counter-terrorism Terrorist threat Jihadist terrorism in the EU 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I would like to extend my gratitude to the late Prof. Robert Elgie, my PhD supervisor and mentor, who always provided me with constructive feedback and insightful input. I will be forever grateful for his invaluable support and guidance.

I would also like to thank the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at DCU, who supported the research carried out for this publication, and my interviewees, who agreed to share their expertise.

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    Data collected by the author: The author has collected 40 interviews and 3 follow-up interviews from European and national practitioners—policy-makers and experts—in the period between November 2018 and May 2019. The dataset includes EU officials from: the European Commission, European Parliament, General Secretariat of the Council, DG HOME, Europol, Eurojust, eu-LISA, CEPOL, Frontex, FRA, as well as national experts from the UK, Bulgaria, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The types of experts include policy-makers, policy officials and government officials, analysts, police and intelligence officials, prosecutors, legal experts, researchers, etc. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Europäische Rechtsakademie (ERA) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dublin City University (DCU)DublinIreland

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