ERA Forum

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 113–127 | Cite as

Judicial independence in the Member States of the Council of Europe and the EU: evaluation and action

  • Lorena Bachmaier WinterEmail author


This article analyses some of the challenges in implementing and strengthening the principle of judicial independence at European level. It first highlights the difficulties in assessing the level of compliance with the principle of judicial independence and shows the approaches taken by the Council of Europe and the European Union. Next, it discusses some of the most recent decisions of the CJEU regarding Article 47 of the Charter and argues how infringements of the rule of law can undermine the whole principle of mutual recognition. Finally, it will be advocated that the actions taken in strengthening judicial independence need the joining of efforts of the European Union and the Council of Europe.


Judicial independence Rule of law European Court of Justice Council of Europe Mutual recognition 



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Copyright information

© Europäische Rechtsakademie (ERA) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Madrid Complutense UniversityMadridSpain

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