America’s first department of immunology: an informal history
- 100 Downloads
America’s first organized department devoted to the study of immunology was founded at Johns Hopkins University in 1916 by William Henry Welch. It has since generated multiple centers distributed throughout the university, which continue to promote education and conduct research in immunology to the present day. A review of its history may foretell future developments and directions of immunology in this and other institutions.
KeywordsImmunology Microbiology Pathology Public health Prevention
I am grateful to Karen Kruse Thomas, Ph.D. for providing me with a draft copy of her article, “The Microbiology of Infectious Diseases in the Era of Thomas Turner, Kenneth Moxey and David Bodian.” The editorial assistance of Mrs. Starlene Murray is greatly appreciated.
- 1.Flexner S, Flexner JT. William Henry Welch and the heroic age of American medicine. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1993.Google Scholar
- 2.Zinsser H. Resistance to infectious diseases. New York: Macmillan; 1931.Google Scholar
- 3.Fee E. Disease and discovery. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1987.Google Scholar
- 4.Turner TB. Heritage of excellence. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1947.Google Scholar
- 5.Harvey AM, Brieger GH, Abrams SL, McKusick VA. A model of its kind. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; 1989.Google Scholar
- 6.Silverstein AM. A history of immunology. San Deigo: Academic Press; 1989.Google Scholar