Immunologic Research

, Volume 42, Issue 1–3, pp 233–245 | Cite as

Cancer immunotherapy using Listeria monocytogenes and listerial virulence factors

  • Laurence M. Wood
  • Patrick D. Guirnalda
  • Matthew M. Seavey
  • Yvonne Paterson


Our laboratory is interested in how immunogenicity may be modulated in vivo in order to better design more effective immunotherapeutics against cancer. Our main approach is to use a facultative intracellular bacterium, Listeria monocytogenes, which has the unusual ability to live and grow in the cytoplasm of the cell and is thus an excellent vector for targeting passenger antigens to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I pathway of antigen processing with the generation of authentic CTL epitopes. We have used this approach to target tumor antigens expressed on breast, melanoma and cervical cancer. We are also exploring the role of Listerial virulence factors in potentiating adaptive immune responses by activating innate immunity. Specifically, we are using these proteins as adjuvants for B cell lymphomas.


Listeriamonocytogenes HPV Her-2/neu Tumor immunotherapy Tumor vasculature Vaccines Antigen processing Cell-mediated immunity 



We thank all the current and past members of the Paterson laboratory for their contributions to these studies and, in particular Dr. Zhen-Kun Pan, for her unswerving support and industry for the past 18 years. Yvonne Paterson wishes to disclose that she has a financial interest in Advaxis, Inc., a vaccine and therapeutic company that has licensed or has an option to license all patents from the University of Pennsylvania that concern the use of Listeria or listerial products as vaccines.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurence M. Wood
    • 1
  • Patrick D. Guirnalda
    • 1
  • Matthew M. Seavey
    • 1
  • Yvonne Paterson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of Pennsylvania School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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