Angiosarcoma of the Thyroid: a Case Report with Review of the Literature
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Angiosarcoma is a rare and aggressive tumor of the thyroid gland, mainly seen in the Alpine regions. We present such a case with literature review. We present the case of a 60-year-old man with cough, dyspnea, and hemoptysis along with slow increase in the size of his long-standing goiter. Computed tomography of the neck showed a large thyroid mass and chest imaging revealed multiple pulmonary nodules. Fine needle aspiration cytology and tru-cut biopsy of the thyroid were notable for poorly differentiated malignant cells. Diagnosis of angiosarcoma of the thyroid was made after total thyroidectomy. Patient died of continued hemoptysis and respiratory failure 3 weeks after admission. We searched the literature for previous case reports using Pubmed and Ovid. Forty-seven reported cases were identified and our case was added to make a database of 48 cases. Demographic and tumor characteristics were analyzed. Angiosarcoma was found to be more common in females and at age of 60 or above. Results were consistent with previously reported series of 14 and 17 cases from Austria. This review provides information on various characteristics angiosarcoma of the thyroid which can be used as baseline data for future reference and research studies for this cancer.
KeywordsAngiosarcoma Thyroid Malignant Hemangiosarcoma Hemangioendothelioma
The authors acknowledged Deepa Dutta, MD, of the Department of Pathology, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD (USA).
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