Endocrine Pathology

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 45–48 | Cite as

Dermoid Cyst of the Lateral Neck Associated with the Thyroid Gland: a Case Report and Review of the Literature

  • Gillian R. Diercks
  • Ralph A. Iannuzzi
  • Karen McCowen
  • Peter M. Sadow


Dermoid cysts are the most common teratomatous lesion; however, they infrequently arise in the head and neck region. Very rarely, dermoid cysts have been described in the thyrohyoid region, masquerading as a thyroid nodule. We describe the case of a 31-year-old woman with a lateral neck mass, associated with the thyroid gland inferiorly, which was excised and found to be a dermoid cyst. We then review the pathogenesis of dermoid cysts in this region, as well as review diagnosis and treatment of dermoid cysts of the head and neck.


Dermoid cyst Thyroid Cervical mass 


Conflict of Interest

There are no financial disclosures.


  1. 1.
    McAvoy JM, Zuckerbraun L. Dermoid Cysts of the Head and Neck in Children. Arch Otolaryngol 1976; 102: 529–531.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Holt GR, Holt JE, Weaver RG. Dermoids and teratomas of the head and neck. Ear, Nose Throat J 1979; 58: 520–31.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rosen D, Wirtschafter A, Rao VM, Wilcox TO. Dermoid cyst of the lateral neck: A case report and literature review. Ear, Nose Throat J 1998; 77(2): 129–32.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Singh N, Hollan AJA, Arbuckle S, et al. Intrathyroid dermoid cyst presenting as a unilateral “cold” nodule. Pediatr Surg In 2005; 21: 761–763.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cox CA, Nguyen DL, Medina J et al. Dermoid cyst presenting as a “cold” thyroid nodule. Clinical Nuclear Medicine 1996; 21(5): 395.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Leveque H, Saraceno CA, Tang C et al. Dermoid cysts of the floor of the mouth and lateral neck. The Laryngoscope 1979; 89(2): 296–305.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    deMello DE, Lima JA, Liapis H. Midline cervical cysts in children: thyroglossal anomalies. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1987; 113: 418–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Soni NK, Chatterji P. A massive sublingual-cervical dermoid. J Laryngol Otol 1978; 92(12): 1115–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lev S, Lev MH. Imaging of cystic lesions. Radiologic Clinics of North America 2000; 38(5): 1013–1027.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ro EY, Thomas RM, Isaacson GC. Giant dermoid cyst of the neck can mimic a cystic hygroma: Using MRI to differentiate cystic neck lesions. Int J of Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2007; 71: 653–658.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gillian R. Diercks
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ralph A. Iannuzzi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Karen McCowen
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Peter M. Sadow
    • 1
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyMassachusetts Eye and Ear InfirmaryBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Otology and LaryngologyHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck SurgeryHarvard Vanguard Medical AssociatesBostonUSA
  4. 4.Department of EndocrinologyHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  5. 5.Department of EndocrinologyHarvard Vanguard Medical AssociatesBostonUSA
  6. 6.Department of EndocrinologyBeth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA
  7. 7.Department of PathologyHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  8. 8.Department of PathologyMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations