, Volume 53, Issue 1, pp 28–34 | Cite as

Non-functioning pituitary adenomas: growth and aggressiveness

  • Kristin Astrid ØysteseEmail author
  • Johan Arild Evang
  • Jens Bollerslev
Mini Review


Pituitary adenomas (PAs) are common, comprising approximately one third of all intracranial tumors. Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are the most common PAs. Although usually benign, the NFPAs represent therapeutic challenges because of their location close to the optic chiasm and nerves, and the proximity to the pituitary gland. The therapeutic alternatives are surgery and radiation. To date there is no effective medical treatment. NFPAs are classified according to different modalities, but there are no reliable marker of aggressiveness to guide the clinician in monitoring the patient. More information on growth patterns with constituent biological markers are needed to tailor the care of this patient group. Studies characterizing the membrane receptors of NFPAs have shown promising results, which may give rise to the development of medical treatment.


Non-functioning pituitary adenomas Pituitary adenomas Silent pituitary adenomas Growth kinetics Prognosis Aggressiveness 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. The patient case is given with permission from the patient.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristin Astrid Øystese
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Johan Arild Evang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jens Bollerslev
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Specialized EndocrinologyRikshospitalet, Oslo University HospitalOsloNorway
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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