Endocrine

, Volume 45, Issue 1, pp 15–25

Sarcopenic obesity in aging population: current status and future directions for research

Mini Review

Abstract

The combination of sarcopenia and obesity, an age-related change in body composition, is a concern in the aged society. Sarcopenic obesity is not the combination of two conditions, but is more related to cardio-metabolic and functional abnormalities. Sarcopenic obesity is associated with more physical functional decline than simple obesity. Sarcopenic obesity may be more insulin resistant, and have a higher risk for metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis than simple obesity. However, the prevalence of sarcopenic obesity differs substantially among studies because of the lack of a standard definition. For further understanding of the pathophysiological role of sarcopenic obesity, a standardized definition for both sarcopenia and obesity is necessary.

Keywords

Obesity Sarcopenia Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) Bioimpedance CT 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geriatric MedicineEhime University Graduate School of MedicineToonJapan

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