, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 112–119 | Cite as

Metabolic syndrome between two ethnic minority groups (Circassians and Chechens) and the original inhabitants of Jordan

  • Rana Dajani
  • Yousef S. Khader
  • Nancy Hakooz
  • Raja Fatahalla
  • Farouk Quadan
Original Article


The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and exhibits variation among ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to estimate and compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components between two ethnic groups (Circassians and Chechens) in Jordan and the original inhabitants of Jordan. Data were collected from a cross-sectional study of Circassian (n = 436), Chechen (n = 355), and Jordanian (n = 3234) population aged 18 years and older. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to International Diabetes Federation criteria. Age-standardized prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome was Jordanians 38.0 %, Circassians 32.0 %, and Chechens 33.7 %. Compared to Jordanians, both minority groups had lower means of body mass index, total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, and triglycerides. The means of high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein were significantly higher among Circassians compared to Jordanians and Chechens. The odds of BMI defined by overweight and obesity and diabetes were less common among Circassians and Chechens compared to Jordanians. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its individual components is relatively high in the three ethnic groups compared to world. Variation in components between groups may relate to ethnicity. Therefore, a community-based integrated approach is needed that would include behavioral, social changes that would lead to the prevention and treatment of the metabolic syndrome.


Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology Ethnic Jordan Circassians Chechens 



Cardiovascular disease


Diastolic blood pressure


Low-density lipoprotein


High-density lipoprotein


Metobolic syndrome


Systolic blood pressure



This study has been funded by the Higher Council of Science and Technology, Jordan. We would like to thank the Circassian and Chechan communities for their participation in this study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no competing financial interests associated with this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rana Dajani
    • 1
  • Yousef S. Khader
    • 2
  • Nancy Hakooz
    • 3
  • Raja Fatahalla
    • 1
  • Farouk Quadan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biology and BiotechnologyHashemite UniversityZarqaJordan
  2. 2.Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of MedicineJordan University for Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  3. 3.Department of Biopharmaceutics and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of JordanAmmanJordan

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