Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology

, Volume 43, Issue 1–2, pp 156–183

The Challenge of Asthma in Minority Populations

  • Albin B. Leong
  • Clare D. Ramsey
  • Juan C. Celedón


The burden and disparity of asthma in race/ethnic minorities present a significant challenge. In this review, we will evaluate data on asthma epidemiology in minorities, examine potential reasons for asthma disparities, and discuss strategies of intervention and culturally sensitive care.


Asthma Minority Populations Race Ethnicity 


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Selected Books on Culturally Competent Care

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  1. \US Department of Public Health, Office of Minority Health (OMH) link to “Asthma Data/Statistics” for African-Americans, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Asian-Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders. This site also has additional information and resources on cultural competency from OMH. The Office of Minority Health, part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources, mission is “to improve and protect the health of racial and ethnic minorities through the development of health policies and programs to eliminate health disparities”
  2. MEDLINE plus: NIH’s National Library of Medicine (NLM) offers MEDLINE plus, the Spanish-language companion health Web site to NLM’s MEDLINE, which provides authoritative, full-text medical resources
  3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention Asthma Website and hyperlink in Spanish to extensive resources on asthma
  4. Healthfinder en Español: This Spanish-language Web site helps consumers access reliable information quickly and easily on the Internet
  5. This is the Weblink on asthma from the New South Wales Multicultural Health Communication Service. It is part of a rich web resource dedicated to providing information and services to improve communication of health care providers with non-English speaking patients. The site has a translated health information base in 64 languages. There are several resources for asthma, but not in all 64 languages
  6. U.S. National Library of Medicine hyperlinks to translated documents on asthma and asthma in children in multiple languages
  7. Translated “frequently asked questions” in multiple languages from UK Asthma, a charity dedicated to improvement of asthma care in the United Kingdom
  8. SPIRAL (Selected Patient Information Resources in Asian Languages) web link, which includes Cambodian Khmer, Chinese, Hmong Hmoob, Japanese, Korean, Laotian Lao, Thai, and Vietnamese Tiếng Việt
  9. Translated patient education on asthma information in Amharic and Tigrinya, from EthnoMed, Harborview Medical Center’s ethnic medicine website. In addition at this website are Somali and Cambodian cultural profiles on asthma addition to Amharic and Tigrean
  10. Office for Civil Rights: The HHS Office for Civil Rights drafted written policy guidance to assist health and social services providers in ensuring that persons with limited English skills can effectively access critical health and social services
  11. Patient information in Spanish from the American Academy of Allergy & Immunology
  12. Asthma Control Test and Childhood Asthma Control Test in Spanish

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albin B. Leong
    • 1
  • Clare D. Ramsey
    • 2
  • Juan C. Celedón
    • 3
  1. 1.Pediatric Pulmonology and AllergyRoseville Kaiser Medical CenterRosevilleUSA
  2. 2.Sections of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine and Community Health SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  3. 3.Division of Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Allergy and Immunology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMCUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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