Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 164–171 | Cite as

Immunology, Autoimmunity, and Autoantibodies in Parkinson’s Disease

  • Michal Benkler
  • Nancy Agmon-Levin
  • Sharon Hassin-Baer
  • Oren S. Cohen
  • Oscar-Danilo Ortega-Hernandez
  • Amalia Levy
  • Samuel-Datum Moscavitch
  • Martine Szyper-Kravitz
  • Maya Damianovich
  • Miri Blank
  • Joab Chapman
  • Yehuda Shoenfeld
Article

Abstract

Recent revelations of immune alterations in Parkinson’s disease have led to the convergence that an autoimmune mechanism may play a role in the etiopathogenesis of this neurodegenerative disease. In the current study, 77 Parkinson’s disease patients and 77 matched healthy controls were analyzed for the presence of seven autoantibodies previously found to be associated with central nervous system manifestations namely: antineuronal-cells, anti-brain lysate, anti-dsDNA, anti-phosphatidylserine, anti-cardiolipin, anti-serotonin, and anti-melanocytes antibodies. Patients underwent systematic assessments of demographics, clinical, and biochemical manifestations. Three autoantibodies were found to be more prevalent among Parkinson’s disease patients (antineuronal cells10.3% vs. 1.3%, p = 0.017; anti-brain lysate 9.1% vs. 1.3%, p = 0.032; anti-dsDNA 10.3% vs. 2.6%, p = 0.049). Clinical manifestations of Parkinson’s disease, particularly dyskinesia and depression, were found to be associated with the presence of these autoantibodies.

Keywords

Parkinson’s disease Autoimmune Autoantibodies Dyskinesia Depression 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michal Benkler
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nancy Agmon-Levin
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sharon Hassin-Baer
    • 4
    • 7
  • Oren S. Cohen
    • 4
    • 7
  • Oscar-Danilo Ortega-Hernandez
    • 2
  • Amalia Levy
    • 5
  • Samuel-Datum Moscavitch
    • 2
  • Martine Szyper-Kravitz
    • 2
    • 3
  • Maya Damianovich
    • 2
  • Miri Blank
    • 2
    • 3
  • Joab Chapman
    • 4
    • 7
  • Yehuda Shoenfeld
    • 2
    • 3
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical SchoolBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShebaIsrael
  2. 2.The Zabludowicz Center for Autoimmune DiseasesSheba Medical CenterTel HashomerIsrael
  3. 3.Department of Medicine ‘B’Sheba Medical CenterTel HashomerIsrael
  4. 4.Parkinson Disease and Movement Disorders Clinic, Department of Neurology and Sagol Neuroscience CenterSheba Medical CenterTel HashomerIsrael
  5. 5.Department of Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation, Faculty of Health SciencesBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShebaIsrael
  6. 6.Incumbent of the Laura Schwarz-Kip Chair for Research of Autoimmune DiseasesTel-Aviv UniversityTel-AvivIsrael
  7. 7.Sackler Faculty of MedicineTel-Aviv UniversityTel-AvivIsrael
  8. 8.Department of Medicine ‘B’ & Center for Autoimmune DiseasesChaim Sheba Medical CenterTel-HashomerIsrael

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