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Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 4–19 | Cite as

Identification of European Allergy Patterns to the Allergen Families PR-10, LTP, and Profilin from Rosaceae Fruits

  • Maj-Britt Schmidt Andersen
  • Sharon Hall
  • Lars Ove Dragsted
Article

Abstract

High fruit intakes are associated with significant health benefits but fruit allergy sufferers may be discouraged from eating fruit due to the symptoms they experience. Knowledge about allergens involved in fruit allergy and the frequent cross-reactions to other allergens is essential to (a) design the best strategy for fruit allergy testing (b) prescribe optimal avoidance diets, and (c) design technological solutions for development of hypoallergenic fruits. The objective of this review was to investigate whether some characteristic disease entities could be identified in Europe for allergy to Rosaceae fruits. Five allergy patterns were found involving the allergen families PR-10, LTP, and profilin. In the Western Mediterranean area allergies to Rosaceae fruits are caused by monosensitization to LTP, monosensitization to profilin, or co-sensitization to both these allergens. On the contrary, monosensitization to PR-10 and, to a lesser degree, co-sensitization to profilin and PR-10 is dominant in Northern and Central Europe. LTP sensitization is present both in pollinosis and non-pollinosis patients and is associated with peach allergy in particular. The disease pattern for patients sensitized to profilin is characterized by several concomitant allergies including grass and other pollens, Rosaceae and non-Rosaceae fruits. Finally, PR-10 sensitization is primarily associated to concomitant birch pollen and apple allergy.

Keywords

Allergens Avoidance diets European allergy patterns Fruit allergy Rosaceae 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maj-Britt Schmidt Andersen
    • 1
  • Sharon Hall
    • 2
  • Lars Ove Dragsted
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Life Sciences, Department of Human NutritionUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Warwick HRIUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK
  3. 3.Frederiksberg CDenmark

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