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Stem Cell Reviews and Reports

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 58–70 | Cite as

Noncoding RNAs in the Regulation of Pluripotency and Reprogramming

  • Vladimir V. Sherstyuk
  • Sergey P. Medvedev
  • Suren M. Zakian
Article

Abstract

Pluripotent stem cells have great potential for developmental biology and regenerative medicine. Embryonic stem cells, which are obtained from blastocysts, and induced pluripotent stem cells, which are generated by the reprogramming of somatic cells, are two main types of pluripotent cells. It is important to understand the regulatory network that controls the pluripotency state and reprogramming process. Various types of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) have emerged as substantial components of regulatory networks. The most studied class of ncRNAs in the context of pluripotency and reprogramming is microRNAs (miRNAs). In addition to canonical microRNAs, other types of small RNAs with miRNA-like function are expressed in PSCs. Another class of ncRNAs, long ncRNAs, are also involved in pluripotency and reprogramming regulation. Thousands of ncRNAs have been annotated to date, and a significant number of the molecules do not have known function. In this review, we briefly summarized recent advances in this field and described existing genome-editing approaches to study ncRNA functions.

Keywords

Pluripotent stem cells Pluripotency Reprogramming Noncoding RNA MicroRNA Long noncoding RNA Genome editing CRISPR/Cas9 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project №16-14-10084).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir V. Sherstyuk
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Sergey P. Medvedev
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Suren M. Zakian
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Federal Research Center Institute of Cytology and GeneticsThe Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.E.Meshalkin National medical research centerMinistry of Healthcare of the Russian FederationNovosibirskRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental MedicineThe Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  4. 4.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia

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