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Stem Cell Reviews and Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 587–597 | Cite as

A New Chapter for Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Decellularized Extracellular Matrices

  • Yagiz Anasiz
  • Riza Koksal Ozgul
  • Duygu Uckan-Cetinkaya
Article

Abstract

From orthopedic to neurological disorders, stem cells are used as platforms to understand disease mechanisms and considered as novel and promising treatment options, especially when the valid therapeutic approaches are unavailable or ineffective. There are different stem cell types in the literature, however the spindle-shaped, colony forming and multilineage-differentiating cells, also known as mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are very popular, as MSC can be isolated from different tissues with minimal ethical concerns and without tumor formations, which make them easily accessible and widely used in vitro and in vivo studies. In the literature, MSC have been shown to have therapeutic effects and orchestrate the healing process via their mobilization, migration, differentiation capacities, immunomodulation properties and/or secretion of bioactive factors. Nowadays, MSC derived extracellular matrices (ECM), which are part of the secreted/produced bioactive molecules from MSC; draw attention of researchers due to their key roles in cell biology. Several groups have isolated ECM from in vitro cultured MSC using different methods of decellularization techniques for tissue-engineering approaches. According to current knowledge, decellularized ECM (dECM) influence growth, adhesion, differentiation, migration, apoptosis, proliferation, and phenotype of cells, covering almost all cellular events. In this comprehensive review we focused on MSC and the isolation methods and effects of MSC derived dECM (MSC-dECM).

Keywords

Mesenchymal stem cell Extracellular matrix Decellularization Tissue engineering Regenerative medicine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors. Riza Koksal Ozgul acknowledges the financial supports of TUBITAK (Grant Number: 213S006 and 115S304) and Hacettepe University Scientific Research Coordination Unit (Project Number: THD-12181). Yagiz Anasiz acknowledges TUBITAK BIDEB-2211 for the National PhD Scholarship Program.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Stem Cell Sciences, Graduate School of Health SciencesHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Stem Cell Research and Application Center (PEDI-STEM)Hacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Pediatric Metabolism Unit, Institute of Child HealthHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  4. 4.Hematology Unit, Department of Child Health and Diseases, Faculty of MedicineHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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