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Stem Cell Reviews and Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 604–612 | Cite as

Therapeutic Potential of Secreted Molecules Derived from Human Amniotic Fluid Mesenchymal Stem/Stroma Cells in a Mice Model of Colitis

  • E. Legaki
  • M. G. Roubelakis
  • G. E. Theodoropoulos
  • A. Lazaris
  • A. Kollia
  • G. Karamanolis
  • E. Marinos
  • M. GazouliEmail author
Article

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are the result of pathological immune responses due to environmental factors or microbial antigens into a genetically predisposed individual. Mainly due to their trophic properties, a mounting interest is focused on the use of human mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (hMSCs) to treat IBD disease in animal models. The aim of the study is to test whether the secreted molecules, derived from a specific population of second trimester amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem/stromal cells, the spindle-shaped MSCs (SS-AF-MSCs), could be utilized as a novel therapeutic, cell free approach for IBD therapy. Induction of colitis was achieved by oral administration of dextran sulphate sodium (DSS) (3 % w/v in tap water), for 5 days, to 8-week-old NOD/SCID mice. The progression of colitis was assessed on a daily basis through recording the body weight, stool consistency and bleeding. Conditioned media (CM) derived from SS-AF-MSCs were collected, concentrated and then delivered intraperitoneally into DSS treated mice. To evaluate and determine the inflammatory cytokine levels, histopathological approach was applied. Administration of CM derived from SS-AF-MSCs cells reduced the severity of colitis in mice. More importantly, TGFb1 protein levels were increased in the mice received CM, while TNFa and MMP2 protein levels were decreased, respectively. Accordingly, IL-10 was significantly increased in mice received CM, whereas TNFa and IL-1b were decreased at mRNA level. Our results demonstrated that CM derived from SS-AF-MSCs cells is able to ameliorate DSS-induced colitis in immunodeficient colitis mouse model, and thus, it has a potential for use in IBD therapy.

Keywords

Mesenchymal stem/Stomal cells Human spindle-shaped amniotic fluid MSCs Inflammatory bowel disease Crohn’s disease Ulcerative colitis 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Legaki
    • 1
  • M. G. Roubelakis
    • 1
  • G. E. Theodoropoulos
    • 2
  • A. Lazaris
    • 3
  • A. Kollia
    • 1
  • G. Karamanolis
    • 4
  • E. Marinos
    • 1
  • M. Gazouli
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Laboratory of BiologyMedical School, National and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.First Propaedeutic Surgical DepartmentMedical School, National and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of PathologyMedical School, National and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece
  4. 4.Gastroenterology Unit, 2nd Surgical DepartmentMedical School, National and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece

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