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Stem Cell Reviews and Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 26–41 | Cite as

An Overview of Neural Differentiation Potential of Human Adipose Derived Stem Cells

  • Hossein Salehi
  • Noushin Amirpour
  • Ali Niapour
  • Shahnaz Razavi
Article

Abstract

There is wide interest in application of adult stem cells due to easy to obtain with a minimal patient discomfort, capable of producing cell numbers in large quantities and their immunocompatible properties without restriction by ethical concerns. Among these stem cells, multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from human adipose tissue are considered as an ideal source for various regenerative medicine. In spite of mesodermal origin of human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs), these cells have differentiation potential toward mesodermal and non-mesodermal lineages. Up to now, several studies have shown that hADSCs can undergo transdifferentiation and produce cells outside of their lineage, especially into neural cells when they are transferred to a specific cell environment. The purpose of this literature review is to provide an overview of the existing state of knowledge of the differentiation potential of hADSCs, specifically their ability to give rise to neuronal cells. The following review discusses different protocols considered for differentiation of hADSCs to neural cells, the neural markers that are used in each procedure and possible mechanisms that are involved in this differentiation.

Keywords

HADSCs Potential Neural differentiation In vitro In vivo 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hossein Salehi
    • 1
  • Noushin Amirpour
    • 1
  • Ali Niapour
    • 2
  • Shahnaz Razavi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomical Sciences and Molecular Biology, School of MedicineIsfahan University of Medical SciencesIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of AnatomyArdabil University of Medical SciencesArdabilIran

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