Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 321–334 | Cite as

Identification of Unknown Homeopathic Remedies by Delayed Luminescence

  • Karin Lenger
  • Rajendra P. Bajpai
  • Manfred Spielmann
Original Paper


A quality control method of highly diluted and potentized homeopathic remedies is important for curing patients applying homeopathic therapy. Lenger detected photons in highly potentized homeopathic remedies by delayed luminescence. The photons of Argentum metallicum 100MK and Cantharis 100MK magnetically bound to their carrier substances ethanol or saccharose were separated by their resonating magnetic field of about 2.06 MHz. The photons of these 100MK potency levels and of their reference substances were determined to be standard values calculated by the B 2-values of Bajpai’s equation derived from the Hamiltonian equation. The stability of ethanolic Argentum metallicum 100MK and Cantharis 100MK declined to 1/3 of their photons within a month in contrast to saccharose globules with Argentum metallicum 100MK having been stable during the period of these investigations for almost 1 year. Some remedies delivered as CMK potency had been proved to be ethanol. The testing amount of high ethanolic potencies is limited to 40 μl because 80 μl resulted in an attenuation of the photons; 40 μl equal 16 medicated saccharose globules. Six unknown homeopathic remedies could be identified as increasing potency levels of Argentum metallicum from 100MK to 1.000MK which indicates a calibration curve. The homeopathic factories having sent the unknown remedies confirmed the measurements. A quality control of homeopathic remedies is possible by comparing the different B 2-values of the remedies and their carrier substances.


Delayed luminescence Homeopathic remedy Degree of a homeopathic potency B2-coefficient Resonance frequencies of homeopathic remedies Quality control of homeopathic remedies 



It is a pleasure to thank Prof. F. A. Popp for encouragement and the facilities of his laboratory for these investigations. Many thanks to Christa Weke, e-mail: for reading and discussing the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karin Lenger
    • 1
  • Rajendra P. Bajpai
    • 2
    • 3
  • Manfred Spielmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Scientific HomeopathyOffenbachGermany
  2. 2.International Institute for BiophysicsNeussGermany
  3. 3.North Eastern Hill UniversityShillongIndia

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