Cardiovascular Toxicology

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 304–311 | Cite as

The Association Between Myocardial Fibrosis and Depressed Capillary Density in Rat Model of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

  • Ying Xiao
  • Yinjie Liu
  • Jiaming Liu
  • Y. James KangEmail author


Myocardial fibrogenesis is initiated once the coordination between oxygen supply and demand is disrupted in pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Clinical observations showed that myocardial fibrosis did not evenly occur in the hypertrophic myocardium. The present study was undertaken to specifically address differential vulnerabilities to fibrogenesis of different regions in the myocardium subjected to pressure overload-induced hypertrophy. SD rats were divided into two groups, sham-operated control and ascending artery constriction-induced cardiac hypotrophy. Thirty-four weeks after surgery, rats were sacrificed and hearts were harvested. Myocardial tissues were processed and sequentially sectioned for detection of collagen deposition, myocyte hypertrophy and vascular density analysis. Redundant collagen stained with Sirius red and anti-collagen I antibody was found in the extracellular matrix, but high volume of collagen fraction was largely localized more in posterior and lateral walls than in anterior wall and interventricular septum, which is in accordance with the accumulation of fibroblasts. In association with the differential regional collagen accumulation, the cardiomyocytes were more hypertrophic in the posterior and lateral wall than the other left ventricle. However, the capillary density in the lateral and posterior walls was significantly decreased. The results indicated that the posterior and lateral walls were more vulnerable to fibrogenesis post-pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy, which was associated with the depressed angiogenesis in these two regions.


Myocardial fibrosis Capillaries Left ventricular hypertrophy 



This work was supported by National Science Foundation of China (Grant Number 81230004 to Y. J. Kang).The authors thank Xiaorong Sun, Ning Wang and Lin Bai for technical support.

Authors’ Contribution

All authors participated in the design and review of this work; YX carried out the HE, Sirius red and immunofluorescent staining, data collection and statistical analysis; YL and JL performed the animal surgery, echocardiography and data collection; YX and YL analyzed the data and interpreted the results; YX wrote the draft of the manuscript; and YJK edited, revised and approved the final version of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflicts of interest

All author report no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying Xiao
    • 1
  • Yinjie Liu
    • 1
  • Jiaming Liu
    • 1
  • Y. James Kang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Regenerative Medicine Research Center, West China HospitalSichuan UniversityChengduChina

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