Infrasound Exposure Induces Apoptosis of Rat Cardiac Myocytes by Regulating the Expression of Apoptosis-Related Proteins
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It has been reported that exposure to infrasound causes cardiac dysfunction. Allowing for the key role of apoptosis in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, the objective of this study was to investigate the apoptotic effects of infrasound. Cardiac myocytes cultured from neonatal rats were exposed to infrasound of 5 Hz at 130 dB. The apoptosis was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling. Also, the expression levels of a series of apoptosis-related proteins were detected. As a result, infrasound induced apoptosis of cultured rat cardiac myocytes in a time-dependant manner. The expression of proapoptotic proteins such as Bax, caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, and FAS was significantly up-regulated, with concomitant down-regulated expression of antiapoptotic proteins such as Bcl-x, and the inhibitory apoptosis proteins family proteins including XIAP, cIAP-1, and cIAP-2. The expression of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase and β-catenin, which are the substrate proteins of caspase-3, was significantly decreased. In conclusion, infrasound is an apoptotic inducer of cardiac myocytes.
KeywordsInfrasound Apoptosis Cardiac myocytes Bcl-x IAPs Caspase
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 30870579, 30870902, 30801385), Special grade of the financial support from China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 200801266), New Medicine Research Fund (No. 2009ZX09103-671), and Natural Science Fund of Shaan’xi Province (No. 2010JM4050).
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