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Cardiovascular Toxicology

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 280–283 | Cite as

A Scombroid Poisoning Causing a Life-Threatening Acute Pulmonary Edema and Coronary Syndrome in a Young Healthy Patient

  • Antonio D’Aloia
  • Enrico Vizzardi
  • Paolo Della Pina
  • Silvia Bugatti
  • Francesca Del Magro
  • Riccardo Raddino
  • Antonio Curnis
  • Livio Dei Cas
Article

Introduction

Scombroid poisoning, also called histamine fish poisoning, is an allergy-like form of food poisoning that represents one of the major problems in seafood safety. It consists in a clinical syndrome associated with consumption of fish and, less frequently, cheese containing high levels of histamine [1, 2]. Usually certain families of dark meat fish are involved, mainly Scombroidae and Scomberesocidae (e.g., tuna, mackerel, skipjack, Bonito, and Cero). Other non-scombroid fish (e.g., mahi—mahi, herring, anchovies, sardines, Australian salmon, swordfish) was also reported to be associated with scombroid fish poisoning [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. High fish histamine concentrations have been found responsible for this kind of poisoning. Histamine and histamine-like substances are generated from histidine by a decarboxylase activity of bacteria such as Proteus, Klebsiella, Aerobacter, Serratia, Enterobacter, and Escherichia coli [6, 7]. The presence of this bacteria and the massive...

Keywords

Histamine Food Allergy Acute Pulmonary Edema Fish Poisoning Severe Mitral Valve Regurgitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio D’Aloia
    • 1
  • Enrico Vizzardi
    • 1
  • Paolo Della Pina
    • 1
  • Silvia Bugatti
    • 1
  • Francesca Del Magro
    • 1
  • Riccardo Raddino
    • 1
  • Antonio Curnis
    • 1
  • Livio Dei Cas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Experimental and Applied MedicineUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly

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