Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Accumulation of Essential and Trace Elements in Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) and Guar Gum Cultivated in Semi-arid Regions of Sindh, Pakistan

  • 81 Accesses

Abstract

For physiological and biochemical studies, it is considered essential to have knowledge about the accumulation of mineral elements in plants and their distribution in different parts of the fruit and these data being essential for geographical origins of different food commodities. In the age of food industry globalization, the origin of food is essential to know for human health protection, to stimulate fine agronomic actions and to bar the use of toxic materials to stimulate plant’s growth. This research work was formulated to assess the essential trace and toxic elements in Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) and guar gum cultivated in semi-arid regions of Sindh, Pakistan. For pretreatment of the guar samples, microwave-assisted acid digestion procedure (MAD) was developed for the elemental analysis in the guar samples. The validity of designed method was checked by using certified reference samples of BCR 189 whole meal flour. The digested specimens were analyzed by flame and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The concentration of essential trace and toxic elements was found to be within the international level. In addition, human health Risk assessment was accessed by measuring daily intake of all understudy minerals, which was within permissible exposure limit set by USEPA & Health Canada. The Target Hazard Quotient (THQs) of guar and its gum were generally less than 1, as per USEPA; owing to these facts, food grade guar gum can be produced from guar cultivated in Thar, Pakistan.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.

    Nedumaran S, Abinaya P, Shraavya B, Rao PP, Bantilan MCS (2013) Grain legumes production, consumption and trade trends in developing countries-an Assessment and Synthesis. Socioeconomics Discussion Paper Series Number 3

  2. 2.

    Barão L, Alaoui A, Ferreira C, Basch G, Schwilch G, Geissen V, Sukkel W, Lemesle J, Garcia-Orenes F, Morugán-Coronado A, Mataix-Solera J (2019) Assessment of promising agricultural management practices. Sci Total Environ 649:610–619

  3. 3.

    Mudgil D, Barak S, Khatkar BS (2014) Guar gum: processing, properties and food applications—a review. J Food Sci Technol 51(3):409–418

  4. 4.

    Undersander DJ, Putnam DH, Kaminski AR, Kelling KA, Doll JD, Oplinger ES, Gunsolus JL (1991) Alternative field crops manual: guar. University of Wisconsin and University of Minnesota.

  5. 5.

    Pathak R, Singh M, Henry A (2011) Genetic diversity and interrelationship among clusterbean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) genotypes for qualitative traits. Indian J Agric Sci 81:402

  6. 6.

    Mastromatteo M, Danza A, Lecce L, Spinelli S, Lampignano V, Laverse J, Conte A, Del Nobile MA (2015) Nutritional and physicochemical characteristics of whole meal bread enriched with pea flour. Int J Food Sci Technol 50(1):92–102

  7. 7.

    Eldirany AA, Nour AA, Khadir KI, Gadeen KA, Mohamed AM, Ibrahim MA (2015) Physicochemical properties of for new genotypes of guar seeds (Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba L.). Am J Food Sci & Health 1:76–81

  8. 8.

    Tripathy S, Das M, Sing C (2013) Guar gum: present status andapplications. J Pharm Sci Innov 2:24–28

  9. 9.

    NRAA (2014) Potential of rainfed guar (Cluster beans) cultivation, processing and export in India. Policy paper No.3 National Rainfed Area Authority, NASC Complex. DPS Marg, New Delhi-110012, India: 109.

  10. 10.

    Falasca SL, Miranda C, Pitta-Alvarez S (2015) Modeling an agroclimatic zoning methodology to determine the potential growing areas for Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (cluster bean) in Argentina. Adv Appl Agric Sci 3:23–39

  11. 11.

    Saleem MI, Shah SAH, Akhtar LH (2002) BR-99 a new guar cultivar released for general cultivation in Punjab Province. Asian J Plant Sci Res 1:266–268

  12. 12.

    Sultan M, Zakir N, Rabbani MA, Shinwari ZK, Masood MS (2013) Genetic diversity of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) landraces from Pakistan based on RAPD markers. Pak J Bot 45:865–870

  13. 13.

    Maphosa Y, Victoria AJ (2017) The Role of legumes in human nutrition, functional food - improve health through adequate food, Maria Chavarri Hueda, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69127. Available from: https://www.intechopen.com/books/functional-food-improve-health-through-adequate-food/the-role-of-legumes-in-human-nutrition. Accessed 14 Jan 2019

  14. 14.

    Mogobe O, Mosepele K, Masamba W (2015) Essential mineral content of common fish species in Chanoga, Okavango Delta, Botswana. Afr J Food Sci 9(9):480–486

  15. 15.

    Karaköy T, Erdem H, Baloch FS, Toklu F, Eker S, Kilian B, Özkan, H (2012) Diversity of macro-and micronutrients in the seeds of lentil landraces. Sci World J, 2012

  16. 16.

    Cabrera C, Lloris F, Gimenez R, Olalla M, Lopez MC (2003) Mineral content in legumes and nuts: contribution to the Spanish dietary intake. Sci Total Environ 308:1–14

  17. 17.

    Taha K, Elmahi R, Hassan E, Ahmed S, Shyoub M (2012) Analytical study on three types of gum from Sudan. J Forest Prod & Ind 1:11–16

  18. 18.

    Akhtar A, Kazi TG, Afridi HI, Musharraf SG, Talpur FN, Khan N, Bilal M, Khan M (2016) Vortex-assisted ionic liquid-based dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction for assessment of chromium species in artificial saliva extract of different chewing tobacco products. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23(24):25288–25298

  19. 19.

    Rehman K, Ashraf S, Rashid U, Ibrahim M, Hina S, Iftikhar T (2013) Comparison of proximate and heavy metal contents of vegetables grown with fresh and wastewater. Pak J Bot 45:391–400

  20. 20.

    USEPA (1989) Guidance manual for assessing human health risks from chemically contaminated, fish and shellfish. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. EPA 503/8–89-002.

  21. 21.

    El-Daw GEA (1998) A study of guar seed amd guar gum properties (Cyamopsis tetragonolabous). University of Khartoum.

  22. 22.

    US-EPA, IRIS (2006). United States, Environmental Protection Agency, Integrated Risk Information System. http://www.epa.gov/iris/subst Accessed 29 Dec 2017.

  23. 23.

    USDA. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 28. 42281, Gums, seed gums (includes locust bean, guar)". [Online]. Available: https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/8622?manu = &fgcd = &ds = Standard%20Reference. Accessed 29 Dec 2017

  24. 24.

    Badr SEA, Abdelfattah MS, El-Sayed SH, El-Aziz AEA, Sakr DM (2014) Evaluation of anticancer, antimycoplasmal activities and chemical composition of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) seeds extract. Res J Pharm, Biol Chem Sci 5(3):413–423

  25. 25.

    Sangronis E, Machado C (2007) Influence of germination on the nutritional quality of Phaseolus vulgaris and Cajanus cajan. LWT-Food Sci Technol 40:116–120

  26. 26.

    Chapin FS (1980) The mineral nutrition of wild plants. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst 11:233–260

  27. 27.

    Jorhem L, Sundström B (1993) Levels of lead, cadmium, zinc, copper, nickel, chromium, manganese, and cobalt in foods on the Swedish market, 1983–1990. J Food Compos Anal 6:223–241

  28. 28.

    Akbaba U, Şahin Y, Türkez H (2012) The element contents in chickpeas grown under organic and conventional farming regimes using WDXRF analysis for human nutrition and health. Turk J Phys 36:279–287

  29. 29.

    Singh U, Kocher A, Boora R (2012) Proximate composition, available carbohydrates, dietary fibres and anti-nutritional factors in bael (Aegle marmelos L.) leaf, pulp and seed powder. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications ( IJSRP) 2(4):1–4

  30. 30.

    Sabahelkheir M, Abdalla A, Nouri S (2012) Quality assessment of guar gum (Endosperm) of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba). ISCA J Biol Sci 1:67–70

  31. 31.

    Cui W, Mazza G (1996) Physicochemical characteristics of flaxseed gum. Food Res Int 29:397–402

  32. 32.

    Janaki B, Sashidhar R (1998) Physico-chemical analysis of gum kondagogu (Cochlospermum gossypium): a potential food additive. Food Chem 61:231–236

  33. 33.

    Mahmoud NM (2000) Physico-chemical study on guar gum. M.Sc Thesis, University of Khartoum, Sudan.

  34. 34.

    Perez G, Sánchez A, Vargas S (1995) An analytical study of gums from Leucaena glabrata and Spondia purpurea. J Sci Food Agric 68:39–41

  35. 35.

    Santos E, Lauria D, Da Silveira CP (2004) Assessment of daily intake of trace elements due to consumption of foodstuffs by adult inhabitants of Rio de Janeiro city. Sci Total Environ 327:69–79

  36. 36.

    Health Canada. [Online]. Available: http://www.popstoolkit.com/tools/HHRA/TDI_HealthCanada.aspx1. Accessed 29 Dec 2017

  37. 37.

    Environmental protection Agency, USA [Online]. Available: http://www.popstoolkit.com/tools/HHRA/TDI_USEPA.aspx Accessed 29 December 2017

  38. 38.

    Basha AM, Yasovardhan N, Satyanarayana SV, GVS R, Kumar AV (2014) Trace metals in vegetables and fruits cultivated around the surroundings of Tummalapalle uranium mining site, Andhra Pradesh, India. Toxicol Rep 1:505–512

  39. 39.

    USEPA. Human Health Risk Assessment: Risk-Based Concentration Table. [http://www.epa.gov/reg3hwmd/risk/human/rb-concentration_table/Generic_Tables/index.htm]. Accessed 29 Dec 2017

  40. 40.

    Zhuang P, McBride MB, Xia H, Li N, Li Z (2009) Health risk from heavy metals via consumption of food crops in the vicinity of Dabaoshan mine, South China. Sci Total Environ 407:1551–1561

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Farah Naz Talpur.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Electronic supplementary material

ESM 1

(PDF 260 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Khan, A., Talpur, F.N. & Afridi, H.I. Accumulation of Essential and Trace Elements in Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) and Guar Gum Cultivated in Semi-arid Regions of Sindh, Pakistan. Biol Trace Elem Res 194, 581–588 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-019-01797-1

Download citation

Keywords

  • Guar gum
  • Essential and trace elements
  • Arid region
  • Atomic absorption spectrometer